Place acorns in a large container and cover them with water. If the acorn is an inch long, you will want to plant it 3 inches beneath the soil. ", "Very, very helpful. All the information you provided, "This article was very informative and easy to follow. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Too dry, and they may not grow. The acorns of white oak (Quercus alba) and swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor) should be planted in fall. Don't plant your young oak right next to any substantial vegetation, or it may not reach maturity. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. Put them in water. An untrained observer visually inspected acorns (visual test) to assign viability subjectively and then float-tested the respective acorn. Nonviable acorn with discolored casing (D). Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. Place the acorns in a container of water. The mighty oak that grew was once a little nut just like yours. Can I leave the acorn in the refrigerator for longer than a month and a half? ", instructions and diagrams. Learn
Prepare a planting container for each sawtooth oak acorn. I have collected a lot of acorns and have float tested most of them, but now I follow-up and test my float test results for accuracy. A larger, healthy acorn would ensure enough "food" for the seedling when it grows the tap root followed by a shoot that bears leaves and becomes the tree's trunk. Can I trim the top down to produce more limbs on a 3 year old oak tree? Good job. Dissection of acorns. Save the “floater” acorns for further investigation. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Suitable acorns should be brownish with slight tinges of green remaining, X Research source though the appearance of acorns can vary based on the type of oak tree they come from. You are supposed to put the acorns in a bucket of water and any that float -- throw out. If they float, throw them away. Soak them overnight in a bucket of water. Make sure you remember to water the sapling and not neglect it or it'll wither. Discard any acorns that may be cracked or with holes in the shell. Though helpful for sorting large quantities of acorns, I prefer to only use this test after storage before planting. healthy acorns will sink to the bottom, unhealthy ones will float. Make sure your seedlings are protected from the wind so they don't blow over. If you have a large number of acorns of questionable quality, you can do the float test: place the acorns in a bucket of water, discard the floaters, and keep the sinkers for planting.
The medium should be just barely moist. I found a tiny oak sapling that was competing for sunlight with a much larger tree. The larger acorns have more vigorous seedling growth. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Yes, but keep an eye on them for the roots. Thank you and God bless. Allow the seeds to soak for at least 12 hours. ", "Covers all aspects efficiently and quickly. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free.  X Research source Choose acorns that are free of worms, holes, and fungus. ", sprouting acorns and am hoping for the same success. This is a density test and the floating acorns have been compromised through pests or other causes. Collect acorns in early autumn. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. A word of explanation here about "stratification" which is essential for acorns to sprout. There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. I have read that you can leave them soaking for 24 hours to allow the acorns to rehydrate. done previously, all acorns that floated were separated for dissection and all that sank were held for 1 additional week, after which the final floatation test was conducted. Growth is about 6 inches from an acorn and looks healthy. Place a stake into the ground with a screen around the seedling so that animals are not able to eat it. Place the acorns in a bucket and cover them with water. A good test is to place them in a jar of water. If you live in the southern hemisphere, place your seedlings on a northern windowsill instead. Collect the acorns from the ground in the autumn, following the first strong wind. No, you should never damage the leading branch. Discard any acorns that float to the surface since they are probably rotten. Many other varieties don't produce acorns until they are 20 to 25 years old. The larger acorns have more vigorous seedling growth. Some good acorns float, too. ", "Float test, depth to plant helped most.". Remove and discard those that float. Keep an animal-proof fence around it, and cover it with a plant cone before snow falls its first winter. ", "fertilizer" so-to-speak, and I'd need to put too much work into preparing the few acorns I got from the parent for eating. Visually inspect the acorns for holes. One of the oaks has 2 acorns. If they are viable, you don't have anything to lose by planting them now. Insect damaged and dehydrated acorns typically have some air space inside the shell and tend to float. Acorns were collected during autumn of 2013, from each of 30 white oaks and 30 sawtooth oaks within the city limits of Raleigh, North Carolina, USA. Bury the root in a shallow hole and gently tuck the acorn to one side on top of suitable rich, soft. My grandson and I are growing an oak tree that he can watch, "This article was very helpful. Place the acorns in water for at least an hour. As you know, some will sink with the cap on. Another reason to plant acorns early is that the sooner they are planted after one month of storage in the refrigerator, the sooner they start to grow. Ask them to record their observations about the squishy, rattling and “floater” acorns in their journals. I am looking forward to following your instructions completely to enjoy this gift. You don't need the cap of the acorn.
Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 1,521,444 times. This project reveals the natural process of a seed growing into a tree, and the end result can also help add beauty to your yard. Branches will come later, don't worry. Filled out my limited knowledge. In the test plots, 56% of white oak acorns and 60% of … Students will be able to -Tell which acorns will germinate by performing a float test -Plant acorns at a proper depth … ", wasn't too early in the year, I've followed your step-by-step article to start some seedlings. Then tried the float test for viability. Remove and discard those that float. A good test is to place them in a jar of water. The author didn't waste my time with a lot of useless info. Check that the acorns are healthy. Plants compete with each other for sun, moisture, and other resources. The Grow Green Project Sept 2010 Page 1 A Guide to Growing your Own Oak Trees Part 3: Planting Acorns Overview: Students plant acorns and learn about the parts of a seed. By removing the acorn from the cap you are not damaging it unless you tear the acorn itself. Plant the acorns at lease 12 inches apart, and pat the soil down securely over the acorns, and then water well. Are about four to six inches tall (10 - 15 cm), with small leaves. Acorns that have fallen onto grass are less likely to have been damaged than those that fall onto hard surfaces. »
Lay a circular ring of mulch about one foot (.3 meters) around the tree to help the soil retain moisture and discourage the growth of weeds. ", with other instructions, this year I have two beautiful white oak saplings. Your article on growing them has encouraged me, "Taking care of the oak during its first 2 yrs. We are looking forward to growing our trees. After 2-3 weeks, check the acorns to see if a root has emerged. In the spring, those that are good will sprout. Sound, viable acorns can be separated from damaged or unfilled acorns by placing them in water. The step-by-step instruction is, "I was heartbroken when our 100-year-old red oak fell in August. The Grow Green Project Sept 2010 Page 1 A Guide to Growing your Own Oak Trees Part 3: Planting Acorns Overview: Students plant acorns and learn about the parts of a seed. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Lawns or paved areas make great collection sites because acorns are easy to spot and harvest. Care for your growing oak tree so that future generations can enjoy it for years to come! 2. Hand sorting is preferred for acorns that will be stored in the refrigerator for several months. Once the tree is 8 to 12 inches high, plant it in full sun. Understand why trees matter and learn how to plant and care for them. Remove seeds that have floated to the top of the container. Select the four healthiest looking acorns and dry them with paper tissue. Keep your seedling inside for the winter, and if you are growing it in fall, keep it inside until spring. Lessons